Status of Application Received by U.P. State Biodiversity Board for Consent to Access Bio-Resources.    PBR Kannauj.BHS Gazette Notification.     New: Vaidhanik Soochna,  Form-1,  Form-Ka,  News Paper Clippins Vaidhanik Soochna.  Announcement/Call for Papers for IBD 2017
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FAQ



What is the status of Biodiversity in India?

(source: India Third national report to CBD, 2006) 

India , a mega diversity country with only 2.4% of the land area of the world accounts for 7-8 % of the recorded species of the world spread over 46000 species of plants and 89000 species of animals that have been documented so far. Over 5650 microbial species have also been documented so far.

India is also one of the eight primary centers of origin of cultivated plants and is an acknowledged center of crop diversity, including over 320 closely related wild species mainly of rice, pulses, millets, vegetables, fruits and fiber plants. About 140 breeds of domesticated animals (such as buffalo, cattle, sheep, goat, camel, horse and poultry are also found here. 

RECORDED PLANT SPECIES
Taxonomic group Number of Species % of world flora
  India World  
Angiosperms 17500 250000 7.0
Gymnosperms 48 650 7.4
Pteridophytes 1200 10000 12.0
Bryophytes 2850 14500 19.7
Lichens 2075 13500 15.0
Fungi 14500 70000 20.7
Algae 6500 40000 16.30
Virus/ Bacteria 850 8050 10.6
TOTAL 45523 406700 11.80
RECORDED ANIMAL SPECIES
Taxonomic group Number of Species % of world flora
  India World  
PROTISTA (Protozoa) 2577 31250 8.24
ANIMALIA      
Mesozoa 10 71 14.08
Porifera 486 4562 10.65
Cnidaria 842 9916 8.49
Ctenophora 12 100 12.0
Platyhelminthes 1622 17500 9.22
Nemertinea - 600 -
Rotifera 330 2500 13.20
Gastrotricha 100 3000 3.33
Kinorhyncha 10 100 10.0
Nematoda 2850 30000 9.50
Nematomorpha - 250 -
Acanthocephala 229 800 28.62
Sipuncula 35 145 24.14
Mollusca 5070 66535 7.62
Echiura 43 127 33.86
Annelida 840 12700 6.61
Onychophora 1 100 1.00
Arthropoda 68389 987949 6.90
Crustacea 2934 35534 8.26
Insecta 59353 867391 6.83
Arachnida 5818 73440 7.90
Pycnogonida 16 600 2.67
Pauropoda - 360 -
Chilopoda 100 3000 3.33
Diplopoda 162 7500 2.16
Symphyla 4 120 3.33
Merostomata 2 4 50.00
Phoronida 3 11 27.27
Bryozoa 200 4000 5.00
Entoprocta 10 60 16.66
Brachiopoda 3 300 1.00
Pogonophora - 80 -
Priapulida - 8 -
Pentastomida - 70 -
Chaetognatha 30 111 27.02
Tardigrada 30 514 5.83
Echinodermata 765 6223 12.29
Hemichortadata 12 120 10.0
Chordata 4994 48451 10.40
Protochordata 119 2106 5.65
Pisces 2546 21723 11.72
Amphibia 240 5150 4.66
Reptilia 460 5817 7.91
Aves 1232 9026 13.66
Mammalia 397 4629 8.58
TOTAL (ANIMALIA) 86905 1196903 7.25
GRAND TOTAL (PROTISTA+ANIMALIA) 89492 1228153 7.28
WILD RELATIVES OF CROP PLANTS IN INDIA
CROP NUMBER OF WILD RELATIVES
Cereals and Millets 46
Pulses 81
Fruits 91
Spices and condiments 28
Vegetables 76
Fibre crops 15
Oilseeds 14
Miscellaneous plants 28
TOTAL 379
INDIAN NATIVE BREEDS OF DOMISTICATED ANIMALS
GROUP NUMBER
Cattle 30
Buffalo 10
Sheep 42
Goat 20
Camel 9
Horse 6
Donkey 2
Poultry 18
TOTAL 137