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Floral and Faunal Diversity of Uttar Pradesh


As per the literature survey and studies conducted, the recorded flora diversity of Uttar Pradesh include 1017 genera and 2932 species of plants (lower and higher) with 67 genera and 301 species of algae; 46 genera and 135 species of lichens; 135 genera and 935 species of parasitic fungi; 31 genera and 72 species of bryophytes; 20 genera and 41 species of pteridophytes; 4 genera and 6 species of gymnosperms; and 714 genera and 1442 species of angiosperms.


Plant Diversity of Uttar Pradesh

Groups of Plant Kingdom No. of species in the World No. of species in India No. of species in Uttar Pradesh % of species in U.P. with respect to World % of species in U.P. with respect to India
*Algae 40,000 7,182 301 0.75 4.19
*Fungi 72,000 14,588 935 1.29 6.40
**Lichens 13,500 2,268 135 1.0 5.95
*Bryophytes 16,600 2,451 72 0.43 2.93
*Pteridophytes 10,000 1,236 41 0.41 3.31
*Gymnosperms 650 69 06 0.92 8.69
*Angiosperms 2,50,000 17,643 1,442 0.57 8.11
Total 4,02,750 45,437 2,932 0.72 6.45

Source: * Saini et.al (2011). Floristic Diversity of Uttar Pradesh with special reference to Eastern Uttar Pradesh Floristic Diversity of Uttar Pradesh with special reference to Eastern Uttar Pradesh, published by Uttar Pradesh State Biodiversity Board, Lucknow.

** Sanjeeva Nayaka and D.K. Upreti (2013). Lichens of Uttar Pradesh, published by Uttar Pradesh State Biodiversity Board, Lucknow.



The “Faunal Inventory of Uttar Pradesh” deals with 41 species of 11 genera under 6 families comprising 2 orders of free living protozoa, 140 species of 43 genera under 15 families comprising 1 order of phytophagous nematodes, 1445 species of 735 genera under 93 families comprising 11 orders of insecta, 15 species of 5 genera under 1 family comprising 1 order of ixodid ticks (Acari), 47 species of 27 genera under 15 families comprising 5 orders of freshwater Mollusca and 699 species of 420 genera under 151 families comprising 45 orders of vertebrates.

In total altogether 2387 species of 1241 genera under 281 families comprising 65 orders of invertebrates and vertebrates have been reported in the book “Inventory of Faunal Diversity of Uttar Pradesh”, published by Uttar Pradesh State Biodiversity Board, Lucknow. It appears that Uttar Pradesh state is represented by 2.51 percent of our country’s fauna.


Animal Diversity of Uttar Pradesh

Groups of Animal Kingdom No. of species in the World No. of species in India No. of species in Uttar Pradesh % of species in U.P. with respect to World % of species in U.P. with respect to India
Protozoa (Free-living + Parasite) 31,250 3,500 41 0.13 1.17
Nematoda (all) 30,028 2,902 140 0.46 4.82
Mollusca 66,535 5,169 47 0.07 0.90
Arthropoda(Insecta) 10,20,007 63,423 1,445 0.14 2.27
Arthropoda (Arachnida) 73,451 5,850 15 0.02 0.25
Pices 32,120 3,022 152 0.47 5.02
Amphibia 6,771 342 25 0.36 7.30
Reptilia 9,230 526 77 0.83 14.63
Aves 9,026 1,233 358 3.96 29.03
Mammalia 5,416 423 87 1.60 20.56
Total 12,83,834 86,390 2,387 0.18 2.76

Source: V.D. Hegde and K. Venkatraman (2014). Inventory of Faunal Diversity of Uttar Pradesh, published by Uttar Pradesh State Biodiversity Board, Lucknow.