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S.No. Project   Completed project report
1. Title of the project : Germplasm exploration, assessment and documentation of Fish Biodiversity of Uttar Pradesh

Duration : 02 years (2011-2013)

Name of the Institution : National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow
  Completed project report
  Salient achievements :
  • Extensive explorations of the freshwater fish diversity of 12 major rivers and tributaries in Uttar Pradesh represented a spectacular freshwater indigenous fish fauna of 124 species belonging to 26 families and 74 genera.
  • Among the studied rivers, river Ganga represents the highest diversity of 90 species followed by river Ghaghara and Gerua with 85 species.
  • A distinct relationship was recorded with overall species richness for all the studied rivers. The Shannon-Weiner biodiversity index of 12 rivers showed highest diversity of species in Ganga followed by Gerua, Ghaghara and Gomti respectively.
  • The most abundant family was Cyprinidae (52 species), followed by Bagaridae (10 species), Sisoridae (8 species) and Channidae (6 species).
  • Differences in abundance of fish communities among all the rivers recorded highest in river Ganga (52.34%) followed by Ghaghara (41.2) and Gerua river (41.2).
  • The species described from different rivers and tributaries were categorized under various threat categories as per IUCN (2012) and recorded 1 species as endangered (EN), 9 species as near threatened (NT), 1 as vulnerable (VU), 78 as least concern (LC) and 2 species as data deficient (DD).
2. Title of the project : Inventorization, Impact Assessment and risk communication of Invasive fish species in Uttar Pradesh

Duration : 02 years (2011-2013)

Name of the Institution : National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow
  Completed project report
  Salient achievements :
  • 11 alien fish species and 3 exotic hybrids were recorded from grow out farms (>500 in number) from 38 districts of Uttar Pradesh. These exotic species were Ctenopharyngodon idella (grass carp), Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Cyprinus carpio (common carp), Oreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia), Oreochromis mossambicus (mossambique tilapia), Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (sutchi catfish also know as Thai pangas), Clarias gariepinus (African catfish) Mylopharyngodon piceus (black carp), Barbonymus gonionotus (silver barb) and Piaractus brachypomus (pacu).
  • Presence of 81 varieties of 52 exotic fish species in Uttar Pradesh. The most commonly occurring aquarium fishes were guppy, molly, platy, gold fish, barbs, angel, loaches, pacu, piranha, sucker mouth catfish and stripped catfish.
  • 14 different exotic fish recorded from different river stretches were Cyprinus carpio specularis, Cyprinus carpio nudus, Cyprinus carpio communis, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, Ctenopharyngodon idella, Aristichthys nobilis, Oreochromis mossambicus, O. niloticus, Clarias gariepinus, Pterygoplichthys perdalis, P. disjunctivus, Barbonymus gonionotus, Gambusia affinis, Poecilia reticulata.
  • Some of the ornamental fish species such as piranha, sucker mouth catfish, guppy and gambusia were identified as invasive and were recorded form natural aquatic bodies. Pterygoplichthys pardalis and P. disjunctivus were captured from Ganga and Gomti rivers while guppy and gambusia were recorded from the Yamuna and Hindon rivers.
  • Following extension booklets were prepared and published with a view to create awareness on the adverse effects of exotic fishes in Uttar Pradesh.
    i) African catfish Clarias gariepinus: a Curse for Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture Sector in India.
    ii) Introduced Bighead Aristichthys nobilis in India.
    iii) Know your invasive fish species.
    iv) Exotic Ornamental Fish Species in Uttar Pradesh.
3. Title of the project : Enumeration of lichens of Uttar Pradesh

Duration : 02 years (2011-2013)

Name of the Institution : National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow
  Completed project report
  Salient achievements :
  • Reported 173 taxa (170 species and 3 varieties)
  • 85 new records for U.P.
  • 09 are new records for India
  • Lucknow (55 spp), Bahraich (51 spp) and Sondhadra (46 spp) are lichen rich states.
  • Balrampur, Bahraich, Sonbhadra, Maharajganj and Mirzapur are lichenological interesting districts.
  • U.P. is a hub for study of lichen family Lichinaceae.
4. Title of the project : Assessment and Preparation of an Illustrated Resource Inventory of underutilized Wild Edible Plant Resources in terai region of Uttar Pradesh

Duration : 02 years (2011-2013)

Name of the Institution : National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow
  Completed project report
  Salient achievements :
  • About 100 plant species under 83 genera belongs to 57 families include 3 Ferns, 1 Fungal and 54 Angiosperms were documented from the study area.
  • The species like Asparagus racemosus, Boerhavia diffusa, Capparis zeylanica, Centella asiatica, Cordia dichotoma, Curculigo orchioides, Dillenia pentagyna, Ficus virens, Helminthostachys zeylanica, Hemidesmus indicus, Holarrhena pubescens, Ipomea aquatica, Moringa oleifera, Phyllanthus fraternus, Schleichera oleosa, Spondias pinnata, Trianthema portulacastrum and Xeromphis uliginosa were observed as neutraceuticles. A significant higher antitumor activity of Dillenia pentagyna was observed.
  • Based on scarce population and restricted distribution the species like Artocarpus lacucha, Averrhoa carambola, Costus speciosus, Flacourtia jangomas, Limonia acidissima, Manilkara hexandra, Mimusops elengi, Schleichera oleosa, Spondias pinnata, Xeromphis uliginosa, Helminthostachys zeylanica, Hemidesmus indicus, Pueraria tuberosa etc. were observed locally threatened in the area need both, in-situ and ex-situ conservation and urgent protection for sustainable utilization.
  • The ethnobotanical data generated during the studies have brought to new knowledge on traditional uses of many plant species and uncovered new plants or less known plants of potential economic values which can be utilized in Integrated Tribal Development Programme.
5. Title of the project : Annotated and Coloured Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Uttar Pradesh

Duration : 01 year (2011-2012)

Name of the Institution : University of Lucknow, Lucknow
  Completed project report
  Salient achievements :
  • A total of 88 species of hetrofauna including 64 species and 43 genus of Reptiles of different orders-3, Sub orders-3, Families-13 and 24 species and 16 genus of Amphibians of Order-1, Families -5 have been reported.
  • Among these 35 are snakes, Crocodile and 15 Turtles, 12 Lizards and 24 Amphibians.
  • The work provides updated checklist and taxonomic study of Reptiles and Amphibians species
6. Title of the project : Baseline Survey and Mapping of Microbial Diversity of Kukrail Forests, Lucknow

Duration : 02 years (2009-2011)

Name of the Institution : Integral University, Lucknow
  Completed project report
  Salient achievements :
  • This study represents a combination of morphological, biochemical and molecular approaches for the identification of bacteria and fungi which are abundantly found within the Kukrail forest.
  • Phosphorus is one of the major plant nutrients, second to only nitrogen in requirement for plants. About 95-99% of phosphates are insoluble phosphates hence cannot be utilized by plants.
  • Studies have shown that application of PSM’s can increase crop yields in fields. Fungi have been reported to possess greater ability to solublize insoluble phosphates than bacteria.
  • In the present study, fifteen (15) bacterial isolates and twenty one (21) fungal isolates were isolated and identified on the basis of their morphological and molecular characterization.
  • The microbial strains isolated during this study have agricultural, biotechnological and industrial applications.
  • Positive lignin degraders have great industrial application as they can be used in paper industry for wood solubilization and dye industry for dye decolorization.
7. Title of the project : Survey, Mapping and Documentation of Floristic Diversity and Antiquity of Vegetation in Lucknow and Adjoining Areas.

Duration : 01 year (2009-2010)

Name of the Institution : Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, Lucknow
  Completed project report
  Salient achievements :
  • The study has enumerated 1299 species belonging to 668 genera and 143 families of phanerogams.
  • Among 143 families of angiosperms, 63 families are represented by one genus and 41 families are represented by one species.
  • In all, out of 1299 species of phanerogams, 84% (1089 species) are Dicots and 16% (210 species) are monocots.
  • Two families of monocots, Poaceae (86 species) and Cyperaceae (70 species) constitute about 74.28% of the total monocots.
  • The dicots are well represented by the families: Fabaceae, Asteraceae, Rubiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Malvaceae, Scrophulariaceae, Caesalpiniaceae and Acanthaceae.
  • Positive lignin degraders have great industrial application as they can be used in paper industry for wood solubilization and dye industry for dye decolorization.